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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Ascending Cholangitis

It is defined as the inflammation of the bile duct due to bacterial infection ascending
from the duodenum.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Renal Transplant

Renal transplant is the curative treatment for End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Inguinal Hernia

An inguinal hernia is defined as the protrusion of pelvic or abdominal contents through the inguinal canal and emerging out of the external inguinal ring; presenting as a visible or palpable bulge. Surgery is the mainstay of management.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: ACL Tears

The anterior cruciate ligament is an important stabiliser of the knee joint as it is the primary resistance to forward movement of the tibia relative to the femur. ACL tears are very common to the knee joint with a prevalence of 30 cases per 100 000 per year.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Intussusception

Intussusception is the process in which a segment of intestine (the intussusceptum) invaginates/ telescopes into
the adjoining intestinal lumen (the intussuscipiens), causing bowel obstruction.

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Education Fact Sheets

Common Surgical Instruments

We have compiled a handy three-part guide summarizing the most frequently used surgical instruments.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Achalasia

Achalasia is a primary motility disorder of the oesophagus.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Urolithiasis

Urolithiasis is a term used to describe the formation of calcifications (AKA stones or calculi) in the urinary tract.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Pituitary Adenoma

Pituitary adenomas are benign tumors of the pituitary gland that
account for 8-10% of intracranial tumours.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

This non-cancerous condition is characterized by an overgrowth of prostate tissue and the presence of urinary symptoms, mostly in men aged 50 years or older.