Acute limb ischemia (ALI) refers to the sudden decrease in limb perfusion that threatens limb viability.
Acute urinary retention (AUR) refers to the inability to pass urine voluntarily.
Necrotising fasciitis is a rare but serious bacterial infection that affects the tissue beneath the skin and surrounding muscles and organs.
Varicose veins are swollen and enlarged veins that are typically seen on the legs and feet.
A fracture is a break in the continuity of a bone. It can happen in any bone and ranges from small partial cracks to complete breaks.
In tension pneumothorax, air accumulates between the chest wall and the lung. This increases pressure in the chest and reduces the amount of blood returned to the heart.
The main mechanisms of injury in cardiothoracic trauma are blunt and penetrating trauma.
Testicular torsion is seen when a testicle rotates, twisting the spermatic cord that carries blood to the scrotum. The decreased blood flow causes acute and often severe pain and swelling.
A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins within the scrotum. It is not uncommon and usually forms during puberty.
A hydrocele is a fluid collection within the tunica vaginalis of the scrotum or along the spermatic cord. It is usually painless and harmless and it resolves on its own.