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Fact Sheets Education ABCs Series

ABCs of: Acute Limb Ischemia

Acute limb ischemia (ALI) refers to the sudden decrease in limb perfusion that threatens limb viability.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Acute Urinary Retention

Acute urinary retention (AUR) refers to the inability to pass urine voluntarily.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Necrotising Fasciitis

Necrotising fasciitis is a rare but serious bacterial infection that affects the tissue beneath the skin and surrounding muscles and organs.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are swollen and enlarged veins that are typically seen on the legs and feet.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Fractures

A fracture is a break in the continuity of a bone. It can happen in any bone and ranges from small partial cracks to complete breaks.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Tension Pneumothorax

In tension pneumothorax, air accumulates between the chest wall and the lung. This increases pressure in the chest and reduces the amount of blood returned to the heart.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Cardiothoracic Trauma

The main mechanisms of injury in cardiothoracic trauma are blunt and penetrating trauma.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Testicular torsion

Testicular torsion is seen when a testicle rotates, twisting the spermatic cord that carries blood to the scrotum. The decreased blood flow causes acute and often severe pain and swelling.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Varicocele

A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins within the scrotum. It is not uncommon and usually forms during puberty.

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ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Hydrocele

A hydrocele is a fluid collection within the tunica vaginalis of the scrotum or along the spermatic cord. It is usually painless and harmless and it resolves on its own.