The main mechanisms of injury in cardiothoracic trauma are blunt and penetrating trauma.
Testicular torsion is seen when a testicle rotates, twisting the spermatic cord that carries blood to the scrotum. The decreased blood flow causes acute and often severe pain and swelling.
ABCs of: Varicocele
A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins within the scrotum. It is not uncommon and usually forms during puberty.
ABCs of: Hydrocele
A hydrocele is a fluid collection within the tunica vaginalis of the scrotum or along the spermatic cord. It is usually painless and harmless and it resolves on its own.
It is defined as the inflammation of the bile duct due to bacterial infection ascending
from the duodenum.
ABCs of: Renal Transplant
Renal transplant is the curative treatment for End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).
ABCs of: Inguinal Hernia
An inguinal hernia is defined as the protrusion of pelvic or abdominal contents through the inguinal canal and emerging out of the external inguinal ring; presenting as a visible or palpable bulge. Surgery is the mainstay of management.
ABCs of: ACL Tears
The anterior cruciate ligament is an important stabiliser of the knee joint as it is the primary resistance to forward movement of the tibia relative to the femur. ACL tears are very common to the knee joint with a prevalence of 30 cases per 100 000 per year.
ABCs of: Intussusception
Intussusception is the process in which a segment of intestine (the intussusceptum) invaginates/ telescopes into
the adjoining intestinal lumen (the intussuscipiens), causing bowel obstruction.
Common Surgical Instruments
We have compiled a handy three-part guide summarizing the most frequently used surgical instruments.