ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Cardiothoracic Trauma

The main mechanisms of injury in cardiothoracic trauma are blunt and penetrating trauma.

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  1. Warrington SJ, Mahajan K. Cardiac Trauma. [Updated 2021 Jul 19]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-. Available from:
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  3. Mandell, SP. (2021). Management of cardiac injury in severely injured patients. Collins, KA. (Ed.), UpToDate. Retrieved April 2, 2022, from
  4. Legome, E & Kadish, H. (2021). Initial evaluation and management of blunt cardiac injury. Ganetsky,M. (Ed.), UpToDate. Retrieved April 2, 2022, from
  5. Winkle, JM & Legome, E. (2021). Initial evaluation and management of penetrating thoracic trauma in adults. Ganetsky,M. (Ed.), UpToDate. Retrieved April 2, 2022, from
  6. Singh S, Heard M, Pester JM, et al. Blunt Cardiac Injury. [Updated 2021 Sep 20]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-. [Figure, AAST Injury Scale – Cardiac…] Available from:
  7. Ahmad, S. B., Menaker, J., Kufera, J., OʼConnor, J., Scalea, T. M., & Stein, D. M. (2017). Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after traumatic injury. The journal of trauma and acute care surgery, 82(3), 587–591.
  8. Bellister, S. A., Dennis, B. M., & Guillamondegui, O. D. (2017). Blunt and Penetrating Cardiac Trauma. The Surgical clinics of North America, 97(5), 1065–1076.
  9. Biscotti, M., Agerstrand, C., Abrams, D., Takayama, H., Sonett, J., Brodie, D., & Bacchetta, M. (2014). Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation transport after traumatic aortic valve injury. ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992), 60(3), 353–354.
  10. Eiferman, D., Cotterman, R. N. , & Firstenberg, M. (2013). Cardiac Trauma. In (Ed.), Principles and Practice of Cardiothoracic Surgery. IntechOpen.
  11. Khorsandi, M., Skouras, C., Prasad, S., & Shah, R. (2015). Major cardiothoracic trauma: Eleven-year review of outcomes in the North West of England. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 97(4), 298–303.
  12. Mehrotra, D., Dalley, P., & Mahon, B. (2012). Tricuspid valve avulsion after blunt chest trauma. Texas Heart Institute journal, 39(5), 668–670.
  13. Neidlinger, N. A., Puzziferri, N., Victorino, G. P., & Ursic, C. M. (2004). Cardiac thromboemboli complicating a stab wound to the heart. Cardiovascular pathology : the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology, 13(1), 56–58.
  14. Skinner, D. L., Laing, G. L., Rodseth, R. N., Ryan, L., Hardcastle, T. C., & Muckart, D. J. (2015). Blunt cardiac injury in critically ill trauma patients: a single centre experience. Injury, 46(1), 66–70.


Content – Education Team; Design – IT Team (SIGMUM Committee of 2022/2023)



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