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ABCs of: Tension Pneumothorax

In tension pneumothorax, air accumulates between the chest wall and the lung. This increases pressure in the chest and reduces the amount of blood returned to the heart.

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FACT SHEET

References

  1. What is tension pneumothorax? [Internet]. Medscape.com. 2021 [cited 2022 Mar 23]. Available from: https://www.medscape.com/answers/424547-67555/what-is-tension-pneumothorax 
  2. Sahota RJ, Sayad E. Tension Pneumothorax. In: StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing; 2021.
  3. Osmosis.org. [cited 2022 Mar 23]. Available from: https://www.osmosis.org/answers/tension-pneumothorax 
  4. Lee G. Clinical presentation and diagnosis of pneumothorax. 2021 Sep [reviewed 2022 Mac; cited 2022 Apr]. In: UpToDate [Internet]. Available from: https://www-uptodate-com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/contents/clinical-presentation-and-diagnosis-of-pneumothorax?search=Pneumothorax%20investigation&sectionRank=1&usage_type=default&anchor=H1479888992&source=machineLearning&selectedTitle=4~150&display_rank=4 
  5. Leigh-Smith S, Harris T. Tension pneumothorax-time for a re-think. Emerg Med J [Internet]. 2005 [cited 2022 Apr];22:8-16. Available from: https://emj.bmj.com/content/emermed/22/1/8.full.pdf
  6. Blackwell T. Prehospital care of the adult trauma patient. 2020 May [reviewed 2022 Mac; cited 2022 Apr]. In: UpToDate [Internet]. Available from: https://www-uptodate-com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/contents/prehospital-care-of-the-adult-trauma-patient?sectionName=Needle%20chest%20decompression&search=tension%20pneumothorax%20investigation&topicRef=353&anchor=H20&source=see_link#H20 
  7. Ball CG, Wyrzykowski AD, Kirkpatrick AW, Dente CJ, Nicholas JM, Salomone JP, et al. Thoracic needle decompression for tension pneumothorax: clinical correlation with catheter length. Can J Surg [Internet]. 2020 June [cited 2022 Apr];53(3):184-188. Available from: https://www.canjsurg.ca/content/cjs/53/3/184.full.pdf

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Content – Education Team; Design – IT Team (SIGMUM Committee of 2022/2023)

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