ABCs Series Education Fact Sheets

ABCs of: Hydrocele

A hydrocele is a fluid collection within the tunica vaginalis of the scrotum or along the spermatic cord. It is usually painless and harmless and it resolves on its own.

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  1. Eyre RC. Nonacute scrotal conditions in adults. 2021 Oct. [reviewed 2022 Feb; cited 2022 Mar]. In: UpToDate [Internet]. Available from: Nonacute scrotal conditions in adults – UpToDate (
  2. Patoulias I, Koutsogiannis E, Panopoulos I, Michou P, Feidantsis T, Patoulias D. Hydrocele in pediatric population. Acta Medica. 2020 Aug; 63(2): 57-72. Available from:
  3. Jones’ Clinical Paediatric Surgery 7th Edition
  4. Bailey and Love’s Short Practice of Surgery 27th Edition
  5. Rioja J, Sanchez-Margallo FM, Uson J, Rioja LA. Adult hydrocele and spermatocele. BJUI. 2011; 107: 1852-1864. Available from:


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